What is a Cataract?
Inside everyone’s eye is a lens. Just like with a camera, the lens of your eye helps your eye helps you to focus on things whether they are nearby or far away. To work well, that lens must be clear. As you age, the lens of your eye gradually becomes cloudy and causes blurry vision. We call this cloudy lens a cataract. Looking through a cloudy lens is like looking through a dirty window – everything is blurred.
What Causes a Cataract?
Cataracts occur naturally as you age. In fact, everyone who lives into their 60’s develops at least mild cataracts. Early on, the cataract may make your lens cloudy and cause mild swelling. When your lens gets bigger, you become slightly near-sighted. So in the early stages of a cataract, simply changing your glasses prescription will usually restore your sight.
Besides aging, cataract risk factors include:
- Ultraviolet radiation from sunlight or other sources
- Diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, or obesity
- Smoking or significant alcohol consumption
- Certain medications
- Previous eye injuries, inflammation, or surgeries
- Family history
How Do I Treat a Cataract?
Over time, a cataract will become more and more cloudy until not even a change in your glasses prescription will improve your sight. At that point, the only way to restore your vision is to remove the cataract surgically and replacing the lens with a new lens implant.
Cataract surgery is the most common surgical procedure performed on adults in the United States. The procedure is performed on an outpatient basis, generally takes a half-hour or less, and recovery time is usually only a few days. South East Eye is excited to offer state-of-the-art cataract surgery technology.