Glaucoma is a disease caused by increased eye pressure and damage to the optic nerve that leads to vision loss. While it’s commonly thought that glaucoma only impacts older adults, it can be detected at any age so it’s important to start getting checked for it after you turn 30. Diabetics, African Americans, and those with a family history of glaucoma are at an increased risk.
Symptoms can include:
- Double vision
- Patchy blind spots in peripheral vision
- Eye pain in or around eyes
- Change in the color of the iris
- Sensitivity to light or glare
- Difficulty focusing on objects both near and far
While it cannot be cured, it can be controlled. Treatment of glaucoma depends completely on the severity and progression of the disease. In some instances, eye drops and oral medication can be used to manage the disease. In more advanced instances, laser or operative surgery to promote fluid drainage from the eye may be necessary. It’s crucial to watch for common symptoms of the disease and important to take action to diagnose glaucoma before symptoms progress further.
Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT)
This procedure is used as a part of the treatment of Open Angle Glaucoma. In this form of Glaucoma, the anterior chamber angle, which is the point of contact where the iris and the cornea meet, appears in it’s normal position. Located just inside the angle is a drainage duct called the trabecular meshwork, through which a fluid called aqueous humor exits the eye. The intraocular pressure rises as resistance to aqueous drainage occurs in the outflow channels between the trabecular meshwork and the blood vessels of the body’s circulation.
The doctors lowers intraocular pressure by applying laser treatment to trabecular meshwork through a gonioprism lens and stimulating the cells in the trabecular meshwork in order to improve the outflow of intraocular fluid.